The Cold War Timeline 1945-1991
Nuclear Explosions Caught on Film
Duck and Cover (1951) -- Bert the Turtle
“Duck and Cover, staring Bert the Turtle, is a 1951 Civil Defense Film written by Raymond J. Mauer and directed by Anthony Rizzo of Archer Productions and made with the help of schoolchildren from New York City and Astoria, New York. It was shown in schools as the cornerstone of the government's ‘duck and cover’ public awareness campaign. According to the United States Library of Congress (which declared the film ‘historically significant’ and inducted it for preservation into the National Film Registry in 2004), it ‘was seen by millions of schoolchildren in the 1950s.’”
1951 Atomic Attack Civil Defense Film "Pattern for Survival"
“Pattern for Survival opens with a museum guide leading a wheel chair bound youth through a weapons display...The purpose of this tour? To explain how mankind frequently creates frightening weapons which they struggle to understand. Such is the dilemma created by atomic bombs, manifested in the film as a mushroom cloud erupts across the screen. As one of the earliest civil defense productions, Pattern for Survival enjoyed a wide distribution, delivering massive amounts of information by presenting lectures, demonstrations, and a hypothetical atomic attack.”
America’s Atomic History Now Open to the Public
“In the 1940s, the US government build a massive, covert community in southeastern Washington, which quickly became one of the most crucial parts of The Manhattan Project, the US government’s highly secretive program to produce the atomic bomb. The site, known as Hanford, went on to produce the plutonium that was processed into ‘Fat Man.’ the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki in 1945, a lot of the nuclear weapons stockpiled during the Cold War.”
Vice News Tonight
Rare Footage of 62 Atomic Explosions
Additional videos of interest can be found on the History Channel website.
Because of the success of this weapon, we and other countries produced nuclear weapons on such a vast scale...We've created this vast production of the most toxic materials in the world...And I think long in the future, this is the main reason these places will be remembered.
Robert Jacobs, Hiroshima Peace Institute